Thinking (Slow And Fast)

Daniel Kahneman (2012) proposed 2 ways of thinking (slow and fast) that can be used to explain much of human behaviour.

- fast thinking (system 1) is unconscious, emotive and instinctive. This results in snap judgements (including biases)

- slow thinking (system 2) is conscious, deliberate and mostly rational

We use both ways of thinking when we process information and make decisions. However, there is a preference for fast thinking as slow thinking requires more work (including energy) from our brains.

Fast thinking can handle routine decisions with little effort; more complex challenges require slow thinking

An examples of fast and slow thinking is the difference between ways of thinking by politicians and bureaucrats

- politicians are intuitive and work on instinct, ie fast thinking

- bureaucrats value reason and considered analysis, ie slow thinking


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