Explicit and Implicit Learning

Need to understand the difference between explicit and implicit learning. Explicit learning involves being informed beforehand, ie you are first taught how to do it and then deliberately practise it; while implicit means learning as you perform. Generally, implicit learning takes over from explicit once it is practised enough: you are performing without thinking.

The basal ganglia is where implicit learning partially resides.

When under stress, the explicit learning tends to dominate. This can lead to panicking when stress wipes out our short-term memory, ie thinking too little. On the other hand, choking occurs when thinking too much about something and involves loss of instinct.


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