Some Types of emotions (I to P)

Types of Emotions (cont.)

NB Please modify as you see fit as the list is incomplete. Many of the emotions described below have evolved over time; with some meaning changing significantly. The table focuses on the current situation:

Alphabet Name (source*i) Definition (including links) Impacts & Examples*ii
I Ijirashii (Japan)

 

 

seeing the little guy overcome an obstacle or do something praiseworthy; it's a combination of pathos and vicarious pride, not sentimentality; witnessing the immense fortitude of those who at first seem weak and vulnerable a small organisation taking on a large, powerful competitor
  Iktsuarpok (Inuit)

 

anticipation of waiting for somebody to arrive  
  Ilinx (Greek)

 

 

strange excitement of wanton destruction; a feeling of excited disorientation; voluptuous panic, ie sensation of spinning, falling and losing control; hoping to glimpse alternative realities; continually scanning your iPhone for messages, etc

 

 

  Impatience

 

 

it is an inevitable consequence of our time-poor, irritant-rich lifestyles; want instant gratification; linked with anticipation, etc Type A personality (sense of time urgency and constantly under pressure; usually successful and ambitious; demand to use every moment productively; not good at ceding control to others, ie poor delegators, generally not good team players)
  Indignation

 

 

shown by people who are protecting their position, ie status quo, or vice versa, ie challenging the status quo; can occur when somebody gains an unfair advantage, like contempt for justice and nepotism; linked with outrage, anger, excitement, triumph, contempt, etc Australian ex-Prime Minister Julia Gillard (2012) misogynist speech

 

 

  Inhabitiveness

 

urge to settle permanently in one place; brings reassurance and stability to our lives; like nesting staying in your zone of comfort; supporting the status quo
  Insulted

 

 

can cause a sudden and bewildering drop in status, ie one moment you feel respected, then an object of ridicule and contempt; more powerful if insults are unexpected; linked with shock, etc aim to dis-orientate someone else, ie put them off guard

 

 

  Irritation to stir or incite action; a vexed feeling usually brought on by someone else's contemptuous behaviour; is a state of friction, ie being rubbed up the wrong way; to push people out of their zone of comfort, ie stop complacency; linked with indignation, rage, stress, irrationality, etc shows vulnerability and sensibility to more powerful emotions like remorse, shame and anger

 

 

J

 

 

Jealousy

 

 

suspicion of a rival; a dread of being supplanted; it is private agony; suspicious accusations; traditionally it was a linked with infidelity; linked with envy, humiliation, love, rage, hatred, vengefulness, insulted, etc it can cloud a person's judgement

 

 

  Joy it occurs when something happens that is better than you could possibly hope for; breathing becomes shallow, your eyes gleam, cheek muscles stretch the face into a large smile; linked with surprise, serendipity, happiness, wonder, ecstasy, euphoria, etc can improve performance

 

 

K

 

 

Kaukokaipuu (Finland) sometimes you just want to be anywhere but here; a craving for a distant land daydreaming

 

 

Liget (Philippines)

 

 

it is a state of torment caused by the sudden side of one's own misery; it excites and motivates; It is a mixture of pride and perversity; it is angry energy which makes tempers fly, drives people to work harder; linked with anger, optimism, vitality, the rage of grief, torment, revenge, vengefulness, etc It is of utmost importance to focus on punishing your tormentor to make them as miserable as you

 

 

  Loneliness

 

 

lack of human contact, ie cutting off contact with people; linked with alienation; feeling of dejection and disconnection; physical solitude has given rise to transformative spiritual and emotional experiences; despite being surrounded by other people, you can still feel lonely and isolated; linked with anonymity, apathy, depression, anxiety, dementia, etc rising divorce rates, people choosing to live alone, increased use of social media (replacing in-person interaction), lack of community identity; feeling alienated from your family's values or planned career paths; others not understanding you; it can occur when feeling hemmed in by your expectations and desires
  Love creates a kind of paralysis, ie feeling of being lost in amazement or reduced to silence; able to survive quarrels and disconnections; we are often struck dumb by it; can be a feeling to a partner, loyal friend, pet, etc; strong psychological responses; linked with melancholy, speechlessness, desire, etc it grabs all the attention; it is blind, ie only see the positives, not the negatives;

 

 

M

 

 

Malu (Indonesia)

 

 

feel constricted, inferior and awkward around people of higher status than yourself, ie feel flustered in the presence of someone we hold in high esteem or commands respect; oils the wheels of social life and reinforces hierarchies of power; linked with a sense of being overwhelmed, humiliation, shyness, 'star-struck', etc can result in groupthink; reinforces the status quo; people not challenging authority even if you know that what has been said, or proposed, is incorrect or will not work

 

 

  Man (India)

 

 

experience a profound calling; a visceral yearning backed up by the recognition that what we desire reflects our innermost self; linked with desire, etc this can give people focus or blind them to alternative possibilities
  Matutolypea (Greece/Italy) morning sorrow, ie feeling overcome, miserable and bad tempered, especially in the morning when waking up negative thoughts can dominate

 

 

  Mehameha (Tahita)

 

 

in addition to fear for your life, there is the fear of supernatural phenomena like spirits, ghosts, etc; 'getting spooked'; can develop in terror; linked with loneliness, terror, etc need to be careful of irrational thoughts

 

 

  Melancholy

 

 

a deeper form of ordinary unhappiness, self-doubt and inexplicable feeling of sorrow, gloom and dread; linked with self-pity, nostalgia, regret, lethargy, solitude, sadness, depression, hypochondria, etc negative thoughts will dominate

 

 

  Miffed

 

 

to be a little put out, somewhat offended; it happens when we temporarily lose our place in the pecking order; linked with being insulted, indignation, disappointed, etc can lead to a vindictive response

 

 

  Mono no Aware (Japan)

 

 

awareness of lifes' transience, ie all living, and even inanimate, things fade and disappear, ie impermanence of life; inevitability of change; special beauty found only in unfinished or imperfect things realising that change is inevitable and to resist it is futile

 

 

  Morbid Curiosity

 

 

It is a furtive, guilty pleasure, ie why do scenes of pain, mutilation, death and decay exert such an irresistible attraction; There are 3 hypotheses:

 

i) witnessing somebody else's suffering is cathartic, such as watching live executions; as a way of purging tense feelings of terror and pity

ii) an inbuilt and innate reflex that serves a purpose, ie fostering bonds of empathy and sympathy, eg experiencing the same feelings that somebody else has felt; 'putting yourself in someone else's shoes'

iii) you are drawn to and repelled by your 'darker instincts', like erotic desires, murderous rages, feelings of suicidal despair, etc; linked with relief, dismay, shame, bewilderment, etc

Curiosity is a core part of imagination and creativity but morbid curiosity shows the dark side of human nature

 

 

  Mudita (India) an experience of joy, rather than envy or resentment, on finding out about someone else's good fortune; feeling someone else's pleasure doesn't diminish your own store, it increases in; linked with gladsomeness, empathy, etc using somebody else's success to build on

 

 

N

 

 

Nakhes (Jewish) excessive parental pride in your children's achievements, however small; linked with delight, satisfaction, etc sharing your siblings' successes and using them to inspire others
  Nginyiwarrarringu

 

(Australian Indigenous)

 

describes 15 kinds of fear, like revenge, physical threat, presence of bad spirits

 

 

 
  Nostalgia pleasures of reminiscing are both warm and melancholic; memories can be bittersweet, ie bring joy or sorrow; yearning of past things; making connections with a long lost memory creates warm feelings of belonging, identity and continuity; olfactory recall is powerful and immediate as odour passes directly from our nostrils to limbic system where emotions and memory reside; linked with regret, stability, anxiety, loneliness, rootlessness, melancholy, etc need to be careful of living in the past; maintaining status quo; too much can leave you stuck between a dissatisfied present and alluringly unavailable past; perform nostalgic reflection or work-outs (reviewing the past increases your sense of existential meaning and social connectedness)

 

 

O

 

 

Oime (Japan) the pleasures of being cared for by others is celebrated intense discomfort of being indebted
  Overwhelmed feeling out of one depths, ie sinking feeling; linked with loss of control, bewilderment, abundance, bafflement, etc information overload from digital data; concerns about reliability of data; how to prioritise, ie what is important; invention of techniques for selecting, processing and storing ideas like alphabet, filing systems, notetaking techniques; computer search engines
P

 

 

Panic

 

 

restraint and rationality disappear, replaced by wild instinct of self-preservation including actions like kicking and screaming; sudden, inexplicable terror that creates a contagious feeling; taken over by the force of dangerous collective irrationality, ie herd mentality dominates; linked with hard to explain feeling of dread, ecstasy, etc panic freezes the rational part of the brain; individuals become part of the crowd, ie mob thinking; panic attack (common symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder and experienced by people with extreme phobias; conspiracy theories, siege mentality and rumours can dominate
  Paranoia

 

 

reaction to being undermined, real or perceived; suspicion of everyone's motives, including your own; involves misperceptions and hallucinations of an alienated mind; regarded as a permanent psychotic disorder characterised by severe delusions like fantasies of persecution; could be an attempt to use past experiences to make sense of disorientating present ones; linked with melancholy, ingenious persecutory fantasies, depression, anxiety, claustrophobia, fear, loneliness, imagination, etc those who are unduly suspicious or quick to assume others are trying to undermine or humiliate them; fear culture or paranoid fantasies (seeing them as a way of managing aspects of our lives we cannot tolerate); linked with schizophrenia (see the world in your own reality) and dementia (experience frequently alarming confusion like dealing with ambiguity and uncertainty)

 

 

  Perversity

 

perverse triumph; do self-sabotaging acts; ignore your responsibilities; tricked into confessing our crimes go socialising before finishing assignment, eg go drinking when a deadline looms
  Peur Des Espaces (France)

 

 

a fear brought on by open public spaces; agoraphobia (fear of the marketplace) is linked with the problems of the inner ear (vestibular system - controls our sense of spatial orientation and balance); evolved from our ancestors who were primed to avoid open spaces where they could not hide from predators; linked with disorientation (too many choices), loneliness, alienation, claustrophobia, etc as around 85% of known sufferers are women, ie they feel public spaces are intimidating, eg people staring at you and making comments,

 

 

  Philoprogenitiveness

 

a desire - part emotion, part instinct - to nurture small and vulnerable creatures like babies, family pets become a slave to maternal duties
  Pique (Spain)

 

sharp anger caused by a wound to one's pride, leading swiftly to a dignified response; linked to being in a huff, insulted, vengefulness, etc threatening to resign

 

  Pity

 

 

usually involves an asymmetrical power situation, ie a way of looking down on the needy, eg pinning a person into a position of inferiority; linked to compassion, remorse, contempt, desire, anger, etc can become a way of protecting ourselves, kind of inhibition, releasing us from discomfort of the responsibility or the pain of a deeper emotional connection; can involve tears
  Postal a fit of workplace rage based on mass shootings in America; 'running amok'; usually precipitated by some insult or humiliation, followed by a period of intense brooding, and finally erupting into a rage-filled rampage; linked with rage, disgruntlement, afflicted person kills anyone in their path, then either kills themselves or has no recollection or understanding of what has happened
  Pride

 

 

an unwavering sense of your own achievements; a strong sense of your own value; 2 types of pride, false (involves being defensive, ie you cannot admit a lack or loss) and true (blinds us to your limitations, makes us overreach and causes hubris); linked with indignation, etc happens when you overcome an obstacle or master something difficult; endeavour to encourage pride in people's work

 

  Pronoia a strange, creepy feeling that everyone is out to help you could be good for collaboration
    (sources: Tiffany Watt Smith, 2015 & Wikipedia)  

Notes

i) mentioned source(s) if non-English-speaking countries

ii) suggest that you complete this column with your own examples

 

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