Generalisation vs. Specialisation

Traditionally, specialisation or substantial expertise has provided greater status, the potential for being indispensable and financial security. Recently, however, specialisation has come under threat from increasing technological changes, such as computer, automation, etc. Even the jobs of highly educated people have been challenged by technological change. For example, cardiac surgeons who make most of their income from open-heart surgery are under threat with the development of new heart valves that go in like stents. These are replacing the need for open-heart surgery.

Similarly, organisations that are preferring to hire people who can demonstrate a diversity of skills (generalists or all rounders) and will hire expertise as required.

Furthermore, demarcation between jobs is breaking down. For example, in the airline industry, flight attendants and pilots now help clean the planes, etc. Job flexibility is on the increase.



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