More on Resilence

People need more resilience (mental toughness or hardiness or grit) so that they have an inherent self-trust and confidence to handle the negative impacts of stress and anxiety. In recent times people have been more comfortable discussing mental health issues, which is seen as a positive development. 

Research dating back to the 1980s has reinforced there are 4 components to resilience, ie 4Cs 

i) control (this refers to personal control, ie you are responsible for your own life, eg actions, responses, etc. There are many things in life that you cannot control, like other people, the past, etc but you can control your response to them. Need to be aware of the quality of your own internal dialogue, ie your thoughts, as these will have a profound impact on your attitude, responses, etc. A balanced lifestyle which includes adequate sleep, nutrition, exercise, etc is also needed as this can have a major affect on the way you think. 

NB Small changes can make big differences.) 

ii) challenge (the event is seen as a challenge, ie you have a positive attitude to a difficult situation like a growth mindset, eg you are going to learn and grow as you handle the challenge. Neuroscience shows that the brain grows when challenged and exposed to something novel. Also, this process strengthens your immune system.) 

iii) commitment (means you are fully engaged and committed to the process plus have a positive vision or purpose for the future to handle any tough times) 

iv) community connections (means that you have friends with whom you are able to share your inner thoughts openly and receive support from) 

"...if you have a strong enough why, you can put up with any how..." 

Paul Lynch 2018 

Research has shown that under stress the brain changes, ie the amygdala (controls the automatic responses) expands and its connections with the prefrontal cortex (thinking part of the brain) shrink. Thus we become more reactionary and automatic in our responses and less rational. 

We can reduce the negative impacts of stress by 

i) continually practising certain positive techniques, like stretching yourself with incremental challenges so that self-confidence is increased with each success and achievement. 

ii) receiving regular objective feedback from an expert, like a mentor. 

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