i) introduction to Evolutionary Psychology

. Even though we live in a world of space exploration and virtual realities, we are still hardwired with the mentality of the cave man, ie an instinct to fight fiercely when threatened, and a need to trade information and share secrets

"...you can take the person out of the Stone Age......but cannot take the Stone Age out of the person..."

Nigel Nicholson, 1998

. A framework for understanding why people tend to act as they do in an organisational setting is called evolutionary psychology and identifies the aspects of human behaviour that are inborn and universal. At the same time, it recognizes that individuals have differences as a result of a person's unique genetic inheritance plus personal experiences and culture.

. Evolutionary psychology raises 2 important questions

"...How might organisations be designed to work in harmony with our bio-genetic identity? Are modern-day executives managing against the grain of human nature?..."

Nigel Nicholson, 1998

. Evolutionary psychology clearly challenges some religious beliefs about creation and free will. Furthermore, it challenges some popular management concepts, which claim that people can change their personalities if correctly trained or motivated

. On the other hand, it has been claimed that evolutionary psychology overstates the bio-genetic origin of cultural mores and norms.

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