8. Safety

- global to personal (rise of extremists like religious fundamentalists, terrorists, etc; personal safety in local communities; ability to provide basic needs like food, shelter, power, etc)

- technology impact (invasion of privacy from the use of technology, eg social media, digitalisation, etc; the military use of drones rather than soldiers on the ground; use of safety cameras around buildings to identify and record threats, etc)

An example of problems with technological security is China. China is aiming to challenge US technological supremacy via an aggressive multi-million dollar, state-subsidised international industry policy entitled "Made in China 2025". Its focus is on information technology, artificial intelligence, quantum computing, robotics, aerospace, energy-saving vehicles, medical devices and machines.

Former Microsoft chief executive Steve Ballmer claims that during his tenure, the Chinese "stole" about $US 10 b. of Microsoft's IP (John Kehoe, 2018).

America's concern is more than economic, with defence strategists worried that China is catching up in warfare and espionage technology like artificial intelligence, big data, cyber, submarines, aerospace, hypersonics, nano material, advanced metals, machinery, etc.

China has a policy of forced technology transfer, rather than outright theft, ie overseas firms are coerced into entering 50-50 joint-venture with local Chinese companies in which part of the deal involves transferring technology to the Chinese

History has shown loss of technological advantage can be very damaging, eg Britain losing its advantage in technology to Japan, Germany and the USA over the past 150 years since the Industrial Revolution. 

- fake news (misinformation) has resulted in mobs killing people, eg in India fake news (including photographs, videos, etc) on social media about kidnapping gangs. This led to mob violence (Ronald Mizen, 2018). 
Global information war, ie there is a concerted effort from China, Russia and Turkey to dominate the English language international news base.

- volatile times

a) stability is no longer the norm (yet much of organisational development theory is based on stability, etc)
b) past success is no guarantee for future success
c) uncertain world with few definitive answers, ie many shades of grey
d) need to be flexible to handle many "unintended consequences" or "unplanned events"
e) change is a journey, not a destination, it is on-going
f) "business as usual" is less likely to be a sustainable option

(source: Stefan Hajkowicz, 2015)

- political trends like national populism

Since the turn of the century, the rise of national populism has occurred and is linked with many people in the lower middle-class and blue collar workers concerned by the increasing inequalities that was isolating them from the benefits of the economic and social fabric of society.

"...some assumed that the "left behind" thesis was only ever about economics...... it was more to do with the feeling of social and national loss......Trump partly tapped into the same sentiment, drawing support from people who felt that the past was referable to the present and the future would be worse. People not only felt left behind but also left out by political, media and cultural elite that holds a fundamentally different set of values...... immigration is causing my country to change in ways that do not like..."

Matthew Goodwin 2018

"...a toxic mix of angst over inequality, migration, security and unresponsive elite will continue to have unpredictable effects for many years to come..."

Matthew Goodwin 2018

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