xxxxxxvii) Stereotyping

Be careful of stereotyping, ie all members of a group are classified as the same. It is "judgments of representativeness" (the similarity of an individual to the stereotype of the group is unaffected by the size of the group). They are representative and are less about probability (likelihood). Remember:

"...judgments of similarity and probability are not constrained by the same logical rules. It is entirely acceptable for judgments of similarity to be unaffected by base rates and also by the possibility that the description was inaccurate, but anyone who ignores base rates and the quality of evidence and probability assessments will certainly make mistakes..."

Daniel Kahneman 2012

We have a preference to selectively help people who are like us and we can draw possible erroneous conclusions about an individual from statistics of the group

There is a difference between awareness of stereotyping and endorsement of it. But our subconscious cannot distinguish between the 2; it is more about a language of association, ie white is good. Generally most people do not want to express their bias openly and/or admit their biases to themselves. In fact there is a preference to selectively help people who are like you, ie maintain the status quo.

"...We're each part of several groups, defined by race, gender, religion, family, alma mater and so on, and when we go out of our way to help an in-group member, we don't see that as a bad thing ..."

Matthew Hudson, 2013

Remember: attitudes influence behaviour, and different circumstances can bring out different attitudes and influence behaviours


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