x) Old Ways Are Out

Did not demonstrate that the "old ways" are out, ie preoccupation with the past (a dangerous and often-recurring malady)

. Not realising that people are still hardwired for the Stone Age (see "Evolutionary Psychology"explained earlier in this volume), ie in each of our brains, there are residual behaviour patterns and responses influenced by activities of our ancestors. Some examples

- the social structure of hunter gatherers with stand alone family (3 to 7 people), village (3 to 5 families) and tribe (up to 25 families or around 150 people) is more productive than the modern large corporate structure (Fiona Smith, 2008). In the latter, people lose their sense of identity, community and loyalty when they are grouped together in large numbers; they sometimes report to a number of managers in a matrix structure. The tribal model is most suitable for organisations experiencing rapid growth.

- our ability to choose is restricted by our biology, ie we fret when presented with more than 7 options to choose from. We are happier with less choice (Deirdre Macken, 2010c).

. Furthermore, we are hardwired to be alert for things that might mean danger; in current times in the workplace this can as a threat to our job security, our career progression or our relationships with colleagues and managers. Because of this, we remember the tiny criticisms and forget the many compliments, ie

"...It is so ingrained into us to look at the negative, or where we need to improve..."

Gretchen Spreitzer as quoted by Fiona Smith, 2008c


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