Exercise

. As the brain developed from our caved-based environment, physical exercise is important. It has been estimated that we walked over 20 km per day in this environment.

. People who exercise perform better in cognitive ability like long-term memory, reasoning, attention, problem-solving tasks, etc.

. Exercise makes bones and muscles stronger, and improves your strength and balance; plus it

- improves cardiovascular fitness

- reduces the risk of heart-related disease and diabetes

- It regulates your appetite

- changes your blood lipid profile

- reduces the risk of many cancers and buffers against the impact of stress

. With exercise there is increased blood across the body tissues including the dentate gyrus (which is part of the hippocampus that is involved in memory formation and human recognition.

. The building of more blood vessels which increase food distribution (glucose, oxygen, etc) and removal of waste is enabled by exercise.

. Aerobic exercise is best. The level of fitness is not as important as the steady increase of oxygen supply to the brain

. Exercise regulates 3 neurotransmitters that are significant for mental health: serotonin, dopamine and norepinephrine.

. Exercise stimulates the most powerful growth factor of the brain called Brain Derived Neutotrophic Factor (BDNF) that aids the development of healthy tissue, including new cells for the brain (neurogenesis)

 

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